In the rhetoric books are described literary arts under the ‘muhassinat-i lafziye and manewiya’ called with examples. In the section of bedi of this books literary arts has been described. In this books metonymy, metaphor, simile, allusion is described in the beyan part. Consisting of bedi, beyan, meani sections in the number of rhetoric books there has been a significant increase after the Tanzimat. The source of rhetoric books Siracuddin-i Sekkaki's Miftah and its summaries and commentaries has been. However, many new art are included in Miftah's commentaries and summaries. Although some rhetoric books have attempted to present their own descriptions and classifications, they have not usually gone beyond the main source. One of the literary arts located in rhetoric books also is istitba. This art has with this name in the Miftah and in its commentaries; however in some books has with name idmac. The fact that this art is included in only two of the Ottoman rhetoric books causes it to be regarded as an art that is not considered very much. In this article art of istitba will be examined in comparative form in the books of rhetoric.
Keywords: İstitba, idmac, rhetoric, description, classification.